Scaling & Polishing
It is a procedure to clean the accumulated tartar and stains between the teeth and on the lingual side of the teeth using ultrasonic vibrator. Scaling keeps your teeth clean and the gums healthy thereby preventing any gum diseases.
Scaling is usually a single sitting procedure and takes about 40 to 45 min only.
It is only a myth that scaling creates gap in the teeth. The fact is it removes the tartar which causes spaces between the teeth.
In periodontal laser therapy the provider uses a dental laser to access and remove the inflamed gum tissue from around the root of the tooth.
A filling is a way to replace the decayed/damaged tooth structure and restoring it back to its normal function.
What happens if we delay the treatment? On delaying the treatment, the decay will grow further into the tooth structure and eventually reaching into the pulp chamber. At this stage, to get the tooth back to its normal function the dentist will have to perform a root canal treatment followed by a crown.
How do you know if you need a filling? If you have a Blackish-Brownish discolouration on your tooth surface it is time you visit a dentist for examination. Another indication can be food lodgement in a tooth. Lastly mild sensitivity can be another indicator.
Hard tissues laser can cut through the tooth structure. Thus laser dentistry can fix cavities without all the painful stuff.
Paediatric Dentistry – dentistry for your child
Child friendly environment with an exclusive paediatric setup helps in prevention of anxiety in children, helping in achievement of a positive mindset regarding dental procedures. Children having habits like mouth breathing, thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, lip biting can be treated with special appliances.
Restorations and fillings – saving tooth
Amalgam : A filling is a replacement of lost tooth material. It may have been due to decay (bacteria which destroys the teeth with its acid) or fracture (a force that has broken the tooth) .The conventional "silver" filling - which is avoided now due to the potential environmental pollution due to the mercury in the filling.
Tooth Coloured Fillings (Composite Fillings) : The "composite" resin fillings that are made to match the tooth colour perfectly. They are used to re-shape and restore broken teeth, cavities even in the front teeth so that they look perfectly natural.
Deep fillings (GIC fillings) : The deep cavities demand special attention. Deep cavities mean that the bacteria has reached the vital centre of the tooth and hence the fillings are made to protect the pulp as well as promote healing. They are mostly white in colour
Dental Veneers are wafer thin, custom made shells of tooth coloured materials, used to cover the front surface of teeth.
Types of Veneers :
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is done to repair and save badly infected or decayed tooth. It is needed when the soft tissue inside the tooth structure becomes inflamed or infected.
Once the decay erodes the first two layers of tooth, that is, enamel and dentin, infection then reaches the nerve and pulp of tooth which then causes pain. If left untreated, infection may spread beyond ends of roots of tooth. Bone loss may also occur around the tooth which may lead to pus formation or an abscess.
When Root Canal Treatment May Need?
Laser assisted root canal therapy is available which is used to remove the infected dental pulp and organic debris and to even shaping and cleaning of dentinal walls of root canals.
Implants - the best way to replace tooth
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth. At Andhra dental hospitals, Tooth Implant surgery is performed under general anesthesia or local anesthesia depending upon the case. Healing and integration of the implant(s) with jawbone occurs over three to six months after which the crowns/bridges are fabricated and attached to the implants.
Dental implant is a selective option as it takes in a lot of ‘ifs’ and ‘buts’. There has to be enough bone to do the procedure; plus the healing/recovery time is a little more as compared to other treatment options. Cost of this dental procedure is a little higher than the conventional methods. However, the results are long lasting and therefore, dental implant is definitely a far better option for the people in 40’s or above.
At Andhra dental hospitals, Dental Implants are a kind of “roots” made of material called Titanium. These implants are just like actual teeth root, which are placed within the bone. These are superior and low-cost as compared to dentures because of their superior fitting and exceptional chewing and grinding properties. Working as an anchor for tooth movement, these low-cost implants are definitely a preferable option.
Lasers can be used for planning of implant placement, implant site preparation, second stage surgery of submerged implants, surgery to establish the health of the soft tissue surrounding the implant.
Crowns & Bridges
Dental Crowns :
Dental crown is a tooth shaped cap that is placed over tooth to restore its shape, size and function. Crowns are usually bonded to the tooth with the help of dental cement. Dental crowns are used in several cases such as
Although crowns can be given in many cases, they can’t be used in cases where entire tooth structure is destroyed.
Lasers can be used to help make a patient’s crowns and bridges look even more spectacular.
Types of Dental Crowns : Metal crowns can be made up of gold, or base metal alloys which contain nickel or chromium. They can withstand biting and chewing forces well. However, the disadvantage is that colour of metal crowns does not blend with surrounding teeth and it may show while talking, laughing, etc.
Porcelain Fused to Metal : In this, a layer of porcelain is placed over the metal crown. Besides strength, its advantage is that it can be colour matched with adjacent teeth.
All Porcelain/Ceramic Crowns : These provide best natural colour match. They are therefore good for front teeth.
Dental Bridges : A dental bridge is a restoration used to replace the missing teeth with the support of adjacent natural teeth. It consists of false teeth and crowns for prepared natural teeth.
Tooth Extraction is removal of a decayed tooth. It is done in cases when it is not possible to salvage of tooth by any other dental treatments
Wisdom Tooth Extraction
Wisdom teeth are also referred as “third molars” but they often cause problem during their eruption (breaking through the gum tissue). They may only erupt partially as there is less space in the jaw. Also they may be embedded completely in the jaw bone. They exert pressure on other teeth causing pain and hence have to be extracted. Also they are difficult to clean as they are the last teeth and the tooth brush does not reach there. So if infected it is best to extract them. At ANDHRA DENTAL HOSPITALS, we have a team of experienced oral surgeons for such extractions.
Time Taken for the tooth extraction is as less as 1 visit.
Laser assisted wisdom tooth surgeries are less traumatic-removed in such a way through lasers that there is very little damage to adjoining bone, faster healing-due to less bone and tissue damage, almost no pain and swelling
Any dental work that improves the appearance of teeth, gum or bite is known as the science of dentistry. It is strange that why we choose to live with discoloured yellow and stained teeth when it can easily be treated. Maybe, for the simple thought that it is not considered as some disease. However, discolouration, staining or yellowing of teeth is as essential as any other dental treatment. In fact, it is a preventive measure which acts as a forearm to fight future diseases.
For many teeth whitening is something that is only for celebs. However, it must be noted that white teeth also showcase healthy teeth. It is always better to smile confidently than hide your teeth by chuckling when you want laugh loud.
Laser teeth whitening-it is a highly effective way to whiten your teeth.
Advanced gum treatment
Gums are an important part of mouth, they keep teeth in the socket and ultimately help in chewing. They are like the support system of teeth, without which teeth cannot function. And just like any other part of body they are also prone to infection. You will be surprised to know but there are more than 600 bacterial species in the mouth, all fighting to secure a place for its survival. So imagine how much hard work gums have to do in order to keep teeth secure. Nonetheless, there are various types of infections which can still occur.
The most common type is known as ‘Gingivitis’ which occurs due to deposition of a sticky whitish layer on the teeth, known as ‘plaque’ which if not cleaned properly tends to harden and calcify to form calculus. With time, when a person fails to brush properly or is unable to take care of Gingivitis, the disease advances to ‘Periodontitis’ which is also commonly known as ‘Pyrrhoea’. As food particles, bacterial dead cells deposit and keep on getting hardened, creating a barrier between teeth and gums which attach teeth to bone. As a result, teeth become loose and start moving, there is bone loss due to advanced stage of the disease and ultimately teeth fall. The first sign to look for is bleeding from gums, which can occur during brushing or biting on any hard food stuff. Other sign is swelling of gums and visible hard deposits or calculus on teeth, which are more on the lingual side of the teeth.
Flap surgery with Bone Grafting
Gum infection almost always progresses to the bones, which being delicate, almost always dissolves resulting in a loss of tooth support - this is the reason for shaky tooth and migration of the teeth causing spaces in between the teeth. When the gum disease has progressed to this level, it may also have pus build up in the gums and pockets causing bad breath. In such a situation, it may be necessary to augment the bone support that is lost by adding calcium particles to the tooth surroundings. This will strengthen the tooth further and prolong the life of the natural tooth.
Flap surgery with Biogenic Material (PRF)
When bone loss cannot be just compensated with calcium particles, we use special bone growth inducing growth factors to enhance and ensure healing. These special proteins are sometimes derived from the individuals own body (platelets).
Removal of the black pigmentation of the gums to make the gums pink is called gingival depigmentation.
Diode laser is minimally invasive treatment option for the treatment of gingival melanin pigmentation.
Root coverage / Recession Coverage
When the bone around the tooth is lost, the gum sags and gradually recedes exposing the roots of the teeth. This causes sensitivity. This cannot be cured by desensitising tooth paste; it has to be "covered" by stretching the gums and placing them back in their original position.
A procedure to stabilise shaky teeth till the bone healing occurs
Orthodontic treatment is needed to correct improperly positioned teeth and jaws. If the teeth are crooked there are more chances of decay and gum disease. If the jaws are not properly aligned it can cause temporomandibular joint disorders.
Full Mouth Rehabilitation
Full mouth rehabilitation is required by patients who have a much compromised dentition. It is a process where combinations of procedures are required to correct the dental condition and restore the teeth.
The procedures include dental implants, Implant crowns or bridges, root canal treatments, porcelain crowns, veneers or bridges, extractions, implant supported dentures, gum surgeries, bite raise etc.
As full mouth rehabilitation is a combination of treatments, dental surgeons from each specialty operate on the patient to get a 100% result. For example, root canal treatment is done by an endodontist, Implants are done by implantologist, and extractions are done by oral surgeons, crowns and denture are done by prosthodontist.